Tiến trình Soạn thảo Tuyên ngôn Nhân quyền ASEAN
Trong tiến trình soạn thảo Tuyên ngôn Nhân quyền ASEAN, ngày 26/5, các thành viên của Ủy ban Nhân quyền ASEAN (AICHR) đã có cuộc gặp với xã hội dân sự tại một buổi tham vấn không chính thức (Informal Consultation) tại Bangkok.


Đầu tháng này, vào ngày 2/ 5, hơn 130 tổ chức phi chính phủ quốc gia, khu vực và quốc tế đa ra tuyên bố chung nêu quan điểm về tiến trình soạn thảo tuyên ngôn, đoi hỏi Ủy ban Nhân quyền ASEAN minh bạch, công khai trong tham vấn với xã hội dân sự để tạo điều kiện cho người dân tham gia đóng góp. Trong số 136 NGO, có các tổ chức quy mô lớn nhất thế giới như Amnesty, HRW, RSF, OMCT, Freedom House, cũng như NGO của Thái Lan, Campuchia và các nước trong khu vực. Dưới đây là nội dung bản quan điểm chung này:

Joint Statement

The ASEAN Human Rights Declaration: Drafts must be published and subject to meaningful consultations with local, national and regional civil society and human rights defenders

May 2nd, 2012

We, the undersigned international human rights organizations, are concerned that the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights (AICHR) has yet to take the necessary steps to ensure that the process of drafting the ASEAN Human Rights Declaration (AHRD) is transparent and fully consultative with civil society organizations in the ASEAN region.

In a
joint statement released on April 8th (full text below), over 130 local, national and regional civil society organizations across the ASEAN region called on AICHR to implement the following steps:

1) To immediately publicize the draft AHRD so that the public can meaningfully participate in the drafting process. Consultations will remain meaningless if the draft declaration is kept confidential and out of reach of the peoples.

2) AICHR representatives who are already conducting national consultations in their respective countries must continue to do so, and ensure that these consultations are held nation-wide and in an inclusive and more regular manner. They should further encourage other AICHR representatives that have not taken such initiatives to do the same. The AICHR should also conduct consultations both at national and regional levels, especially if national consultations are not applicable yet in particular places.

3) To translate the draft AHRD into national languages and other local languages of the ASEAN countries in order to encourage broader public participation in the region.

4) To ensure that consultation meetings of the AICHR will be inclusive of all stakeholders, especially civil society organizations and national human rights institutions. [

On 12 April, AICHR announced that it would finalize the draft of the AHRD by July 2012 and hold one consultation with civil society organizations in late June 2012. A single consultation, conducted not at the outset but rather towards the very end of the drafting process, cannot be considered consultative and transparent. In addition to being non-transparent and non-consultative, this process has been clearly rushed with little thought provided on some of the key elements that have been articulated by ASEAN civil society for decades. An instrument of this importance and magnitude needs more time for adequate deliberation and discussion.

We fully endorse the April 8th statement made by national and regional civil society organizations and strongly urge all representatives of the AICHR to fully and immediately implement these recommendations. This would ensure that the AHRD reflects the legitimate concerns of civil society and human rights defenders in ASEAN and reflects existing international human rights standards.

The drafting of the AHRD is a litmus test of AICHR’s willingness to constitute a credible, respected, and effective regional human rights body. Principles of transparency, accountability, and consultation are applied by the United Nations and all other regional bodies when they engage in human rights standard-setting and the ASEAN must not fall below well established international standards and practice.

This joint statement is endorsed by (in alphabetical order):

  1. Amnesty International
  2. Asian Legal Resource Centre
  3. Association for the Prevention of Torture (APT)
  4. Christian Solidarity Worldwide
  5. Civil Rights Defenders
  6. Freedom House
  7. Human Rights Now
  8. Human Rights Watch
  9. International Commission of Jurists
  10. International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH)
  11. International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission (IGLHRC)
  12. Protection International
  13. Reporters Without Borders
  14. World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT)

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